An American Story #4: Immigrant Charles (Carl) Stice and the Mammoth Caves of Kentucky

Immigrant:  Charles Carl Stice, My Fifth Great Grandfather

Please do your own research and do not assume I’m correct.

1st Generation:  Our Stice Immigrant:  Charles (Carl) Stice (Steiss) was born in Alsace, Lorraine, Germany (now France) in 1745. Germany is not an ethnicity that shows up on my DNA, however I do have a trace (abt 4%) of Europe West (which includes Germany)…but a certain J Ray Stice, (my 5th cousin 1x removed), signed before notary that he was told by elders that our people “originated in Scotland, migrated to Ireland, England, Germany and Holland before coming to America”. I do have 40% Great Britain ethnicity…which includes England, Scotland, and Wales.

According to the internet, Stice is an Americanized (English) spelling of the German surname Steiss. (more on this below).

He traveled to America on a ship called “The Nancy” from Rottingham, Holland to the Port of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1754.  He would have been about the age of 9 years! Traveling alone??  There was an asterisk by his name, (Charles Steiss…but Charles Stys on the Captain’s List), without an explanation.  Perhaps it meant “orphaned” or “minor” or “indentured for passage “.   Some speculate that he may have worked out his passage to Pennsylvania….which was highly populated with emigrants from Germany.

alsace lorraine france map

Lorraine: ” an old province in the North-East of France. In ancient times this name was applied to the countries of Germany and the Netherlands, northward to the mouth of the Rhine.  For more on Alsace, see:

The following quote is found at:

The German immigration: 1708-1750
In 1708 a heavy migration began to pour into Pennsylvania from Alsace, Lorraine, Swabia, Baden, and Wurttemburg, and especially from the Rhenish Palatinate and Switzerland. These settlers, mostly Mennonites and Dunkers (Dunkards or German Baptist Brethren), came to be called Palatines. They left their homes at this particular moment because the armies of England and France, fighting the War of the Spanish Succession, had utterly devastated their country between 1704 and 1708. If this was the immediate cause, it was also the culmination of a century of misery for farmers of the Rhineland. The Thirty Years War, from 1618 to 1648, raged so fiercely in this valley that its original population all but disappeared. French King Louis XIV invaded the Palatinate and laid waste its fields in 1674, 1680, and 1689. When England began to contest the French, these two countries fought their battles in Germany. The armies wiped out towns, obliterated villages, and repeatedly stole or destroyed the crops of the surviving peasants. Thus the great German trek to Pennsylvania was a flight of war refugees.

In 1749 alone the new German arrivals at Philadelphia numbered 8,778. As the German communities became settled and the prospects of a newcomer finding familiar churches and fellow countrymen increased, the type of immigration changed. It was no longer necessary, for safety and companionship, that a whole congregation move at once. After 1730 more and more Germans signed for passage privately as indentured servants, in the expectation of finding a place among their own people in the Pennsylvania Dutch country. 

The following from the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. “German Settlement in Pennsylvania”

“German immigrants tended to come in family units.  One historian described the typical German immigrant as a poor farmer or artisan who arrived around 1750 with a wife and two children. They were most likely in debt for the passage across the Atlantic but had family or friends already settled in America. They were affiliated with the Lutheran or
Reformed church but only loosely committed to an organized religion. Records
indicate that they became prosperous members of the community. However, many
were too poor to pay the transatlantic passage so as many as one-half to two-third
of German immigrants came to Pennsylvania as indentured servants or
redemptioners, as Germans called them. Immigrants would pay back the ship owner for their passage and expenses by contracting their services to an employer
for a set number of years, usually between two to seven years. When their term of
service was completed, their indebtedness was “redeemed.” Conditions varied for
indentured servants and families could be separated for years.”

Once in America, it is said by some that Charles worked out his passage as an apprentice to a “miller” (someone who operates a grain mill) for 8 years. When he finished his apprenticeship he would’ve been abt 17 years old.  It appears he left Pennsylvania by the time he was 18, where he received a Land Grant of 150 acres in Craven County, South Carolina. If I’m understanding it correctly the borders between South Carolina and North Carolina were being adjusted during this time. He probably followed the Great Philadelphia Wagon Trail into the Carolinas.

philadelphia wagon road

A couple of years later (age 20) he married Katron (Catherine) Collins. Eventually Charles and his family were living in what is now called Rutherford County, North Carolina.

His granddaughter Nancy Green Stice wrote the following about Immigrant Charles Stice and Catherine (Collins) Stice:  “Grandpa and Grandma Stice came from Germany, and belonged to the nobility.  They were Methodists.

Charles Stice was soon farming his own land and eventually built his own Grist Mill. He and Catherine would have a total of twelve children.

In 1799 Charles sold his land, after living in North Carolina for thirty years, and the family moved to Kentucky, where Charles died in 1801.

Lifeline of Immigrant Charles Carl Stice:

1745:  Born in Alsace, Lorraine, Germany (now France)

1754:  Age abt 9. Arrived at Port of Philadelphia in America. Listed on Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Early Census Index.  He was indentured or apprenticed to a “miller” until the age of 17.

 1763: Age abt 18.  Charles Styce obtained a land grant from King Charles III of England for 150 acres on branch of Bullock’s Creek in Craven County, South Carolina.  There are no other records of him in South Carolina. “It was bounded on all sides by vacant land”. In order to obtain this grant he had to renounce Germany and become a citizen of England.  After doing this it appears he changed the spelling of his name to the English version: Stice.

1765: Age abt 20 years. He married Katron “Caty” Collins in North Carolina.

1766 – 1768:  Rowan County, North Carolina. It is thought by some that son Andrew, and daughter Katron were born in Rowan County. In 1789 Andrew Stice married in Rowan County, NC.  I bring this up only because I wonder if they were acquainted with our Phelps and Wainscott relatives who were living in Rowan County, at that time. Perhaps they even traveled together to Warren County, Kentucky, where a William Phelps witnessed Immigrant Charles Stice’s Will in 1801.

1769:  Tyron County, North Carolina Court of Pleas & Quarter Sessions, Charles Stice was ordered by the Justices to serve as overseer on a section of road.  “…from Bullock’s Creek to the south line”.

About Tryon County; it is a “former” County in North Carolina that no longer exists. However, due to inaccurate and delayed surveying, it included a large area of northwestern South Carolina.

1774:  Age abt 29 years. He paid a triple tax in Tryon County, North Carolina to presumably avoid serving in the Revolutionary War, which was permissible for those of certain religious beliefs. He had 250 acres of land, 4 horses, and some cattle. He already had at least five children at this time.  In 1775, Tyron County residents had formed a Committee of Safety to provide security for the settlers.

1778:  Age abt 33 years:  Permission was granted to him to build a grist mill on his property in Tyron County, North Carolina along with an unknown, *John Henry Stice..(a brother or cousin? See note below).  Tyron is a former county of North Carolina, most of it is now in northwestern South Carolina. This mill became a landmark of the area and carries the name, Stice Shoals Dam, to this day on the First Broad River in Shelby, Cleveland County, North Carolina. (County borders and names continued changing).  Grist mills were used to grind grain into flour. The dam today is owned by Duke Power.

stice shoal dam
Stice Shoals Dam in Shelby, Cleveland, North Carolina on First Broad River.  Map by

1782 – 1799:  Age abt 37-54 years. Rutherford County, North Carolina Census Records.

1790:  Age abt 45 years. The first Federal Census in America.  Charles Stice is listed in Rutherford County, North Carolina with his family. Listed are 2 males under 16 (sons, Peter and David?) and 2 males over 16, (Immigrant Charles Carl Stice, Sr and son, Charles Stice, Jr. Also, 6 females, (wife, Caty, and possible daughters Rebecca, Esther, Ruth Ann, Elizabeth, and Katron).

1797:  Age abt 52 years. Trips to Kentucky. Some speculate that the family didn’t leave until after the sell of the property in North Carolina in 1799.  However, they may have gone at least once before the sale of land to investigate their opportunities. Some of their grandchildren appear to have been born in Kentucky before 1799.

1797/98:  Daughter Katron Stice was killed by Indians on the trip from North Carolina to Kentucky.  She was 33 years old.  It is said that all of her seven children were also killed.

1799:  After 30 years in North Carolina, Charles sold 240 acres of land and left with a group where he settled on the Green River near Brownsville, Kentucky.  This is the Mammoth Cave area of Kentucky, in Warren County. Mammoth Cave is the longest cave system in the WORLD!  With 405 surveyed miles…so far.

Native Americans discovered the caves about 4,000 years ago and continued to use it for about 2,000 years.  In the late 1790’s it was rediscovered by settlers. During the War of 1812 slaves mined saltpeter from the caves to make gunpowder.  Tours began in 1816. Over a century of private ownership and then in 1926 the government formed the National Park.  What a place to explore!!

mammouth cave two

12 Jul 1799:  Immigrant Charles Stice and son Andrew Stice, both purchased property at the Green River at Warren County, Kentucky…near Brownsville, Edmonson County, Kentucky.

1800:  2nd Census of Kentucky lists Immigrant Charles Stice, Sr as well as sons Charles, Jr and Andrew.

21 Aug 1801:  Immigrant Charles Stice, Sr died at Bowling Green, Warren, Kentucky at the age of abt 56 years.  His Will was dated 26 Feb 1801 and signed Carl Stys.  Will was witnessed by: William Phelps, Philip Jones, William Forkner and executed by wife Caty and Mastin Elmore (his son-in-law married to daughter Elizabeth,).  See my blog post:  Who is William Phelps…Witness to Charles Stice’s Will.  The Stice family had intermarried with the Phelps of Kentucky, as well as the Jones and the Webb families. See copy of Will at:

I wonder what happened that Immigrant Charles Stice should have died so young? He left his familiar home of thirty years in Rutherford County, North Carolina, and made the adventurous move to Kentucky at the age of 54. His daughter and her children were killed…and then he only lived a couple of years in his new home before his death. He left behind a few children still living at home, Sarah Stice (8), Rebecca Stice (12), Peter James Stice (14), Easter Stice (16), David Stice (19).  All of his children has some history in the State of Kentucky.

Katron or Catherine (Collins) Stice married again after the death of her husband, Immigrant Charles Carl Stice.  She married James Long on 11 May 1802 at the age of 57 years, and had no children with him. However, the James Long family would eventually marry into the line of Mary Stice, daughter of the Immigrant and Katron or Catherine (Collins).

2nd Generation:  DNA connections to date… through in red.

  1. Philip Stice:  Born abt 1760 and died abt 1825.  He married Mary Haynes, daughter of William Presley Haynes and Sarah Gibbs in 1780 in Kentucky. They had eleven children. He was also the owner of one slave. In 1810 (his father had died in 1801 in Kentucky) he is again living in Rutherford County, North Carolina while most of his siblings are living in Kentucky. The family story is that he died enroute to Kentucky from North Carolina. According to some research: There is supposedly another Philip Stice (perhaps related, but not the son of the Immigrant Charles Stice), living near to our Stice family in Warren County, NC. (See note below *)
  2.  Mary Stice:  Born abt 1764 and died 1855 in Kentucky. She married John/Jonas Haynes, son of William Presley Haynes and Sarah Gibbs. John served in the Revolutionary War. They had ten children.
  3. Katron Stice: Born abt 1769 in Rowan County, NC and died abt 1800 in Kentucky.  She married William Collins.   “Grandpa Stice had one daughter, Katron Stice, who married William Collins in Kentucky and had seven children. The Indians broke out and killed his wife and all the children.”  From what I understand it was while enroute to Kentucky.          
  4. Andrew Stice:  Born 1770 in Rowan County, NC and died 1817 in Collinsville, Madison, Illinois.  He married Nancy Green Wilson in 1789 in Rowan County, NC and were the parents of thirteen children. Andrew was a Predestination Baptist. No musical instruments allowed in Church service…only voice.  This denomination was also called, “Hard Shell Baptist”.
    .   “Then my father (Andrew Stice) took a notion to go to old Kentucky, to what is now called Warren County, near Bowling Green on Green River. They traveled on pack horses, there being in all about twenty-five men and women. Andrew Stice’s,
    younger brother came with them.”   “A History of her Family” by Nancy Green Stice Bond, dated 4 Apr 1904.                                                                         
  5. Elizabeth Stice:  Born abt 1772 in North Carolina and died in 1860 in Edmonson County, Kentucky.  She married Mastin Elmore.  It is speculated that she died having no children.
  6. Charles Stice II:  Born 31 Mar 1775 in Rutherford County, NC and died 31 Jan 1827 in Owen, Kentucky.  He married Mary “Polly” Baker.  They had nine children.
  7. Ruth Ann Stice:  Born abt 1776 in Rutherford County, NC.  I have read some research that states she died at the age of 16 in Warren County, Kentucky (that would be 1792?).  However, SticeWeb shows she died in 1861 in Edmonson County, Kentucky and married James Reuben Alexander and had nine children.  Also, that she married again in 1817 to John Franklin Bullock in Warren County, Kentucky and also had children with him.
  8. David Stice:  Born 1782 in Rutherford County, NC and died 1854 in Edmonson County, Kentucky. David was 19 years old and unmarried at the death of his father in 1801. He married Sarah McCracken in 1802 and they had four children. Sarah “Sallie” McCracken was one of two orphans that traveled with the Stice Family by foot and pack horse to Kentucky abt 1799/1800.   At the death of Sarah McCracken’s brother, Hugh McCracken, their sons (Hugh McCracken Stice and James Stice) received property.
  9. Easter Stice:  Born abt 1782 in Rutherford County, North Carolina and died abt 1855 in Iowa. She was 16 years old and unmarried when her father died. It is said she was born on Easter Sunday and that is how she came by her name.  On some Census sheets it is listed as Esther.  She married William Simmons in 1804 at Warren County, Kentucky and had thirteen children.  Like her brother, Peter James Stice, she lived some of her life in Missouri.  They lived in Howard County, Missouri for one year and then in Boone County, Missouri for eight years. They then moved to Illinois…then back to Warren County, Kentucky and then back to Illinois in the town of Galena, Jo Daviess County.  She died and was buried in Iowa.
  10. Peter James Stice, SrMy 4th Great Grandfather.  Born 25 Jan 1787 in Rutherford County, North Carolina and died 8 Oct 1877 in Washougal, Clark, Washington at the age of 91.  He was fourteen years old when his father Charles Stice died.  He married 1) Charlotte Wainscott on 23 Jan 1807 in Gallatin County, Kentucky when he was abt 20. Her parents were Abraham Wainscott and Mary Wollum.  They had eleven children in all. Charlotte died in Florida, Ralls County, Missouri (birthplace of Mark Twain) in 1826, at the age of 37.  The Wainscott family has ancestry that includes Daniel Boone and Morgan Bryan.
    peter james stice, sr
    Peter James Stice, Sr.

    Peter married 2) to Malinda Phelps in 1827 in Ralls County, Missouri. Her parentage is unknown, but she is probably related to the Phelps family they were associated with in Kentucky and perhaps even to Ezekiel Phelps. She was born 1804 in Kentucky and died in 1864 in Clark County, Washington at the age of 60.  They had five children together.   See my Blog Post:   “Children of Peter Jame Stice...”

    Malinda Phelps Stice
    Malinda (Phelps) Stice 1853 probably enroute to Washington. Photo posted on by Ronald Zook

    Peter James Stice was the father of 19 children, 101 grandchildren, and 50 great grandchildren.  He left Missouri/Iowa for the State of Washington in abt 1852.  Early pioneers of that State.  He must’ve been an adventurous man.

  11. Rebecca Stice:  Born abt 1789 in Rutherford County, NC and died bef 1855 in Scott County, Illinois. She was twelve at the death of her father in 1801. In 1812 she married James Ethel and they had six children.
  12. Sarah Sallie Stice: Born 1791 in Rutherford County, NC and died 17 Aug 1860 in Edmonson County, Kentucky.  She married 1) James Ruben Sargent in 1807 and together they had four children.  At James’ death she married again to 2) Hugh Heath in 1821 and they had four children.

The Vinson Family Tree at Ancestry.Com gives us a very well researched life of Charles Stice and Descendants.  Also, Stice Web – Descendants of Charles Stice.  We owe much to Merlin and Carolyn Stice Kitchen who have provided detailed information about our family on RootsWeb.  See:

*John Henry Stice..(a brother or cousin?)….and “There is supposedly another Philip Stice (perhaps related, but not the son of the Immigrant Charles Stice), living near to our Stice family in Warren County, NC.”….perhaps this Philip Stice is the son of the unknown John Henry Stice???








An American Story #3: Thomas Maddin the Immigrant and Ste Genevieve, Missouri

My 4th Great Grandfather

Please do your own research and do not assume I’m correct.

It appears that many of my ancestors had Baltimore, Maryland as part of their early American journey.  The Phelps, Wainscotts, and Maddin families to name a few. Much has already been written about Immigrant Thomas Maddin (Madden) in Ste Genevieve and Washington Counties in Missouri, including his wife, Margaret (Brown) and their descendants. Thomas and Margaret were married in Baltimore, Maryland.  Lynn Fusinato has a very well written article titled, “Margaret Brown and Thomas Madden Family History”.  You can view it at:

As far as the Irish name Maddin goes…it is a variant of Madden.

Madden Family HistoryIrish (Galway): shortened Anglicized form of Gaelic Ó Madáin ‘descendant of Madán’, a reduced form of Madadhán, from madadh ‘dog’ (see Madigan).

Thomas Maddin, Sr was born around 1733 according to his grave marker.  There are several contradictory documents concerning his birth date.  Family tales state he came to America because his family lost their land in Ireland some time before 1780. It is written that Catholics were being persecuted in Ireland during the 1700’s…and that their land could not be passed on to a single heir.  I wonder if this had anything to do with Thomas coming to America.

After the American Revolutionary War, (his burial stone states he participated in this War), he married Margaret Brown in Dec of 1783 in Baltimore, Maryland.  Her father, Richard Brown, also moved his family at about this time to Stony Creek, Virginia (now West Virginia) and purchased 1,100 acres and built a large home for the Brown family.  He eventually gave Thomas and Margaret a farm and Thomas sold it for $1,000 before moving his family to Ste Genevieve, Missouri where they would become very wealthy and live out the rest of their lives.

How I’m related:  I did not receive Thomas’ Irish blood…for my DNA shows no Irish at all.  However, I do show DNA connection to his offspring.  I am related to him through his son Richard Maddin. Richard married Margaret (McClanahan), and their son Thomas Maddin, who was  born abt 1822 in Missouri, was Thomas and Margaret’s grandson. This grandson married the Texan, Mary Strickland, in abt 1850 and their son, William Henry Maddin married Molly Lunsford,  from whom my Grandma Nellie was born in Texas.

thomas maddin stone

1st Generation:  The Immigrant, Thomas Maddin Sr born in Ireland and died 5 Mar 1838 in Washington County, Missouri.  He married Margaret Brown in 1783.  Her parents were Richard Brown (a Colonel under General George Washington) and Honour Wells. (I will do a separate Post on the Brown and Wells family).


According to Mary J Roe‘s book. “Genealogy of Gen. James
Wells and descendents” published in 1892…around 1807 Richard Brown had a visitor who later documented through a journal that Richard Brown had given a farm to his daughter Margaret (Brown) and her Irishman husband, a “Mr Maden” and that abt 1800 Mr Maden had then sold it for $1,000 and migrated to Ste Genevieve, Missouri, on the Mississippi. Mr Maden became a surveyor there with an income of $2,000 a year.  The visitor also wrote that despite his age (66) Richard Brown visited his daughter and family at Ste Genevieve in abt 1805. This visit is also recorded in the Brown Family Bible.  A long trip for an old Methodist, from West Virginia to Ste Genevieve, Missouri.

Two or more years before Thomas Maddin, Sr sold the farm in West Virginia, given to him by his father-in-law , Richard Brown, he and his two sons, Richard and Thomas, Jr went to Missouri to see what the opportunities were.  He obtained land grants from the Spanish Government and secured the position of deputy Surveyor under Antoine Soulard, the general Surveyor of Upper Louisiana under Spain, France and the United States during the period of 1796-1806.

“Ste Genevieve”, is distinguished as having been settled by the French.  Also, many of the French explorers as well as French priests influenced the population and several Catholic Churches were erected early on. Thomas Maddin became familiar enough with the French language that he was called upon at times to interpret for those in need.

Thomas Maddin, Sr offered to wager with a Mr Bolduc, as to who was the wealthiest in the County, but Mr Bolduc silenced him.  It appears the family had become very wealthy in Missouri.

In 1801 Spain signed a treaty giving Louisiana Territory back to France.  So I guess when the Maddins arrived it was owned by Spain…then went back to the French in 1801 before the United States purchased it in 1803 by acting President, Thomas Jefferson.  Missouri became a State in Aug of 1821.  The Immigrant, Thomas Madden, was living in Ste Genevieve, in what would later become the State of Missouri, through all of these different Country ownership transitions.

In 1804 the population was 1,300 and 1/3 were slaves.  Sadly the Maddin family were slave owners in Missouri.  Out of this population there also lived the David Strickland Family. As mentioned above, Mary Strickland, David Strickland’s granddaughter, would marry the grandson of Immigrant Thomas Maddin. The Strickland Family arrived in what would become Ste Genevieve, Missouri in about 1799 (before Statehood), and with the population of whites under a thousand…the two families probably knew each other even at that early date.

In Jan of 1810, Immigrant Thomas Maddin and sons, Richard, and Thomas, Jr all signed a Petition to Congress by inhabitants of Louisiana – Missouri Territory to establish a State Government.

2nd Generation:  Children of Thomas Maddin, Sr and Margaret (Brown).                DNA connected to date in red:

  1.  Richard Maddin (my 3rd great grandfather) born abt 1784 in Virginia and died 1844 in Ste Genevieve, County, Missouri.  Married Margaret (McClanahan) (See below for spelling variation). Executors of Will were to be his son Thomas Maddin and son-in-law Thomas Holmes…but because both were living out-of-state at his death, his son-in-law and nephew, Charles Maddin was made executor by the Judge.
  2. Honour (Honora) Maddin born abt 1785 in Baltimore, Maryland and died abt 1838 in Washington County, Missouri.  She married Colonel Nathaniel Cook. Nathaniel was involved in County and State politics.  He ran for Lt Governor of the State of Missouri in 1821.  His younger brother John D Cook was appointed U S District Attorney from Missouri and his wife was cousin to President Zachery Taylor.  Another brother, Congressman, Daniel Pope Cook is who Cook County, Illinois is named after – (Chicago).

    Daniel Pope Cook of whom Cook County, IL is named for
  3. Margaret Maddin born abt 1786 and died 1820 in Missouri.  She married Jacob Horine.  In family tales it is said that Jacob would talk abt $100,000 left to his father in Germany, but since he had more than enough property in Missouri, he never claimed it.  His father was a huge land owner with thousands of acres in Kentucky and Missouri… and was murdered by a gunshot while hunting.  The murder went unsolved.
  4. Thomas Maddin, Jr born abt 1787 in maybe Maryland? and died 2 Sep 1847 in Pope County, Arkansas.  Lived for a while next door to his brother Philip Maddin in Pope County, Arkansas.  Thomas Madden, Jr also ran a water powered mill near the forks, and soon other businesses were established in Perry County, Arkansas. I don’t know his wife’s name but he had at least two sons, Philip and Charles.
  5. Philip D Maddin born abt 1788 and died abt 1847 in probably Arkansas.  He never married and his estate was divided up by the State between his siblings (except William Israel Maddin who probably could not be found) and his nieces and nephews.
  6. William Israel Maddin born abt 1790 and died bef 1850 somewhere in California. He married Louisiana Dodge who’s parents were Henry Dodge and Christiana McDonald.  Henry Dodge was the 1st Governor of Territory of Wisconsin and after Statehood he was elected as a U S Senator of the State. William and Louisiana moved to Wisconsin with the Dodge family around 1826 where William Israel Maddin was a member of the First Constitutional Convention of Wisconsin from Iowa County. In 1845 William left his family in Wisconsin and went to California to prospect for gold.  He died there without ever striking it rich, leaving his wife and children to fend for themselves back in Wisconsin.  About 25 years later his widow and some of his children moved to Sonoma County, California, where they lived out their lives.  His only daughter Delia Maddin was committed to a California hospital for the Insane in 1896.
    young henry dodge
    Young Henry Dodge, Gov of Wisconsin, father of Louisiana Dodge.

    louisiana dodge
    Louisiana Dodge, wife of William Israel Maddin
  7. Nancy (or Mary) Ann Maddin born abt 1793 in Virginia and died 16 May 1870 in Missouri.  She married Josiah McClanahan (See below abt surname variation).  Josiah made an 800 mile trip on foot to Mexico in the middle of winter in 1809 where he was taken prisoner by the Spanish and worked mines for two years.  After his release he walked back to Ste Genevieve. Nancy Ann became a widow in 1840 and is the child that inherited Immigrant Thomas Maddin’s Mill.  At her death it went to her granddaughter Ann McGready and husband Robert Bust.
  8. James Maddin born abt 1796 in Missouri and died abt 1848 in Arkansas.  He married Mary Frances Bryan.  They would move to Pope County, Arkansas.
  9. Malachi Maddin born abt 1799 in Missouri and died abt 1859 in Missouri.  He married Caroline James.  At the death of both James and Caroline by 1860 their younger children were dispersed among his sister Nancy Ann (McClanahan) and his brother James Maddin.

3rd Generation:  Children of Richard Maddin and Margaret (McClanahan):  DNA connection known to date is in red.

Note:  In varying documents, McClanahan is sometimes spelled McLanahan.  Son Charles’ Idaho Death Record, states mother’s maiden name to be McClanahan.

  1. Honour “Hanna” Maddin born 1818 Ste Genevieve County, Missouri and died 1862 in St Louis, Missouri.  She married her 1st cousin, Charles Maddin (son of Thomas Maddin, Jr), who was chosen by the Judge to be the executor of Immigrant Thomas Maddin‘s Will.
  2. Rachel Ann Maddin born abt 1820 in Missouri and died abt 1852 in Perry County, Arkansas.  She married Dr Thomas Holmes, the son of William Holmes, Sr, a good friend of her fathers.  (William Holmes, Sr. had two sons that married Richard Maddin’s daughters: son, Thomas Holmes married Rachel…and son, William Isom Holmes married Margaret Maddin).
  3. Matilda Maddin born abt 1821 in Missouri.  She married James Henderson.  By 1850 she and her young son, James Franklin Henderson Sr, were living with her widowed mother. It is unclear what happened to her husband. She remained with her widowed mother until her mother’s death sometime after the 1870 Federal Census.
  4. Thomas Maddin (My 2nd great grandfather) born abt 1822 in Missouri and died sometime after the 1880 Austin, Travis County, Texas Federal Census.  He married 1) Mary Strickland and 2) Sarah J Unknown. (I will write more on him and his family later).
  5. Margaret Maddin born 1823 in Missouri and died 1899 in Perry County, Arkansas.  She married William Isom Holmes, Jr. (Son of William Holmes, Sr.). William Sr had two sons that married daughters of Richard Maddin.  Thomas Holmes married Rachel Maddin…and William Isom Holmes married Margaret Maddin.
  6. Charles Francis Maddin born 1830 in Missouri and died 1919 in Idaho.  He married Ella Frances Coleman.                                  
Charles Maddin
Charles Francis Madden s/o Richard Maddin and Margaret McClanahan.  Originally posted on by LynndallJStafford

7. Josephine Maddin born in 1840 in Missouri and died in 1892 in Fannin County, Texas.  She married Thomas Jefferson Hamor in 1860 in Ste Genevieve County, Missouri. His parents were Joel Hamor and Mary Ann Cannon.  It was Thomas’ second marriage for he married Rebecca Daniels in 1853, also in Ste Genevieve.  He and Rebecca had two children, Ellen and Jefferson Thomas.  After marrying Josephine Maddin he had four more children, Charles, Mary, Emma and Felix.  They were living in Hunt County, Texas by 1869 where Felix was born.



An American Story #1: Richard Wainscott, the Immigrant, Peter Stice, Aventon Phelps, & their Daniel Boone Connection

Please do your own research and do not assume I’m correct.

My 4th Great Grandmother, Charlotte (Wainscott) Stice.  This year it is the anniversary of her death, (190) years ago, and I want to honor her and all of our Wainscott ancestors with this blog post…for it exemplifies the American Story.  From London, Middlesex, England… to America.

British Flag. Richard Wainsott born in England

I will also be following the life details of the following families that show how they intersect with the Wainscotts.  Of particular interest, my 6th Great Grandfather, Aventon Phelps being perhaps a neighbor to the Wainscotts, and Boone families in Rowan County, North Carolina…and that the Wainscott’s were also at Fort Dobbs fighting the Indians with the following men:

  1. Morgan Bryan:  My 7th great grandfather. Quaker and successful Land Speculator. Captain at Fort Dobbs.  (See below for more information on DNA connection).
  2. Daniel Boone and (father, Squire Boone):  Frontiersman, Explorer and American Folk Hero.  He blazed a trail west through the Cumberland Gap to central Kentucky, providing access to the frontier. His family reached safety at Fort Dobbs. (DNA connected through the Bryans who married into the Lee family). lists Daniel as the husband of my 1st cousin 7x removed.
  3. Aventon Phelps: My 6th Great Grandfather and DNA connected. Captain at Fort Dobbs as well as his son Thomas Phelps (Felps), who was a Private.


My 4th Great Grandmother Charlotte Wainscott was born 1789 in Madison or Surry County, North Carolina and she died in Florida, Ralls County, Missouri abt 1826 at the age of 37 shortly after giving birth to her 12th child.  She married Peter James Stice in 1807 in Gallatin County, Kentucky and together they migrated to Missouri abt 1814, making them perhaps the first of our Wainscott/Stice/Phelps connections to arrive there.

At Charlotte’s early death she left behind 12 children.  Four of those children were under the age of 5 when their mother died, including the infant she had given birth to on perhaps her death bed. Consequently Peter, who was abt 39 years old when Charlotte died, was left with a house full of very young children .  He married again abt seven months later to Malinda Phelps, (relationship to Ezekiel Phelps unknown).  He eventually had 5 more children with Malinda, making Peter James Stice the father of 17 known children.  See Blog Post:  “Children of Peter James Stice, Sr….”

Charlotte’s American story begins with her Grandfather (my 6th Great Grandfather)…the Wainscott emigrant, Richard S Wainscott, who was born in Surrey, England in 1711. His transportation record to America reads:  Richard S Wainscott (Walley).  One of the surnames is a supposed “alias”He was deported as a “criminal” and once in America would be (indentured) to pay for his crime/fare to America.

“Colonial Families of Maryland”  by Barnes:  Copied

“Between 1634 and 1777 thousands of people were transported to Maryland. Some were indentured servants, who came to work out a contract willingly entered into that bound them to serve a master for a specified number of years. Others were convicts, who were sentenced to a term of servitude as an alternative to going to the gallows. The indentured servants had some rights in the courts, but the convicts were generally looked down on. Descendants of known indentured servants and convicts should feel proud that their ancestors overcame what may have been a blot on their record and became respectable citizens.”

Reference: “The complete Book of Emigrates in Bondage 1614-1775 by Peter Wilson Coldham, page 829 list Wainscott, Richard (1727) See Walley M.

Between 1614 and 1775 some 50,000 Englishmen were sentenced by legal process to be transported to the American colonies. With notably few exceptions their names and the record of their trail have survived in public records together with much other information which enables us to plot the story of their unhappy and unwilling passage to America. These records are now combined and condensed in this volume to form the largest single collection of transatlantic passenger lists to be found during the earliest period of emigration.”

In England, records show that Richard sometimes went by the surname Walley.  Which name was an alias, Wainscott or Walley?

Researcher Comment: “In the Wainscott file at the Kentucky Historical Society contains a paper submitted by Charles M. Cook in May 1991. He states he had seen a photocopy of the original document on Richard’s conviction. Mr. Cook states, “It is a court record in the City of London and county of Middlesex, in the court section of the 6th, 8th, and 11th of December, 1727”, the following case is recorded; “Richard Walley, alias Wainscott, was indicted for stealing a cloth coat, value 3s, the property of John Jones, the fact appearing plain, the jury found him guilty to the value of 10d.”

Age 17 and Richard already had an alias. His crime was that of “stealing a coat” in London, which was probably not his first offense since deportation was reserved for only very serious crimes.  He arrived in the Port at St Mary’s County (Parish), Maryland in 1728 and became an indentured servant for seven years to a Plantation Owner named John Taylor. His indentureship would be finished in 1735 when he was 24 years of age.


John Taylor’s property was on Gunpowder River and he was a tobacco planter.  The plantation may have been called, “Taylor’s Choyce”.  It was close to Anne Arundel County, Maryland. I hope that life wasn’t all that bad for this young Richard, who found himself indentured on foreign soil because of a coat. He was sentenced in December which gives me visions of  Charles DickensScrooge” and “Oliver Twist” where the author describes the poor street children of London and the slums they lived in. Only God knows what would’ve happened to Richard if he’d remained there.  Apparently America gave him the fresh start he needed.

Once a free man in America…Richard married.  Some think (although I find no documentation), he wed Mary Elizabeth Woolum/Wollam in Augusta County, Virginia in 1735 when his indentureship terminated. He may have married again in North Carolina after Mary’s death.  Those researching him have found that there were no Wainscotts in America before his time…and we are living proof of his progeny.

Sometime after 1735…Richard probably became a follower of Morgan Bryan.

Who was Morgan Bryan? (Update:  I am DNA connected to Morgan Bryan through my great grandmother Emily (Passmore) Phelps.  She is a descendant of the Lee family and Morgan Bryan‘s daughter Mary Bryan married John Lee in 1725.  ( puts Morgan Bryan‘s position in my family tree as my 7th great grandfather):

Bryan was born in Denmark in 1671 and was a Quaker who obtained a grant for 100,000 acres of land in the Colony of Virginia. He was a successful land speculator and explorer. Richard may have acquired some of Bryan’s land for it is documented that they had a relationship while both were in Virginia.

In 1730 (because of so much government corruption) settlers were moving where land would be cheaper and government more trustworthy. Morgan Bryan led a group of Quakers walking from Pennsylvania to the Upper Pontomac.  He settled his own family there in the Shanandoah Valley of Virginia.

The Augusta Parish (Virginia) Register in February 1747/48 records that Richard Wainscott was present when Danile Harrison and Morgan Bryant reported they had “processioned” the land of Daniel Harrison [Chalkley, Vol. II, p. 435].  Richard would’ve been abt 37 years old at the time.

In abt 1747 Morgan Bryan, with his growing family of children and grandchildren, all set out for a long journey south to what would become Rowan County, North Carolina on the Yadkin River. The “Bryan’s settlements” were mostly established by those who had been in Virginia with the Bryans, including Daniel Boone’s father “Squire Boone” who was a staunch Quaker and became the County’s first Justice.

Morgan Bryan’s granddaughter, Rebecca Ann Bryan,  was married to Daniel Boone. Also, one of Rebecca’s brothers married one of Daniel Boone’s sisters. There are many marriage connections between the Bryan and Boone Families.

Rebecca Ann (Bryan) Boone. Wife of Daniel Boone
Daniel Boone

Drum Roll PleaseRebecca Boone, a granddaughter of Daniel Boone, married Thornton Emmit Wainscott, the great grandson of  Richard S Wainscott. According to, Thornton is my 2nd cousin 5x removed…and his wife was the granddaughter of Daniel Boone!!  DNA Update: I have a DNA match with Thornton Emmit Wainscott!

Rebecca Boone, granddaughter of Daniel Boone and wife of Thornton Wainscott

As previously stated, in abt 1747 Richard Wainscott and family relocated, along with the Bryans (and the Maryland Phelps), from Virginia to North Carolina where in 1752 Richard purchased 640 acres of land in what was then Anson County, (soon to be Rowan and now Yadkin County, NC). Many Revolutionary War Battles were fought in this area along the Yadkin River between the Americans and Tories and English. In 1781 Lord Cornwallis and his Army crossed the Yadkin River right in the path of the Wainscott property. Some genealogists say the Wainscotts were involved in these battles. Lord Cornwallis called North Carolina, “a hornet’s nest of rebellion”.

Quoting a Mr. Kizziah: “I happen to know that some of our Rowan Wainscotts (various spellings) went to Kentucky from here (North Carolina) with Daniel Boone. These Wainscotts lived right near the Bryans (Boone’s wife’s folks) at Shallow Ford on the Yadkin River. All of the people in that area came here from Virginia and Maryland. The Boones and Bryans came via Virginia, stopping in Augusta County for some years, when that county included a great area to the west.”  See:

It seems probable that the Boones, Wainscotts and Bryans came to North Carolina together where the Moravian Brothers purchased land in 1753.  It is recorded in the “History of the Moravians in North Carolina” that one of their tracts was bounded by Richard Wainscott and that he was one of the “sworn” chain carriers in the survey work. (Sworn Chair Carriers were surveyor’s assistants and handled measuring chains.  They had to take an oath of honesty for their work and had to be of legal age).

The elderly Capt Morgan Bryan lived through the Indian raids of 1758-61 and fought at Fort Dobbs, Rowan, North Carolina alongside of Capt Aventon Phelps (of interest for those descended from Ezekiel Phelps of Missouri), but he did not live to see the influence his children would have later on in fighting to keep  Kentucky from the British led Native Americans or the founding of “Boonesborough” in Madison County and “Bryan’s Station” in Fayette County, Kentucky.   Sidenote:  A Phelps family also played a major role in Boonesborough, and because so many of our ancestors are in Madison County, Kentucky at this time, I wonder if Ezekiel Phelps of Missouri fits the profile to be related to these Phelps .  What’s the DNA of the Boonesborough Phelps???  DNA Update: I have many DNA connections to the Boonesborough Phelps. However, I am not certain at this time what ancestor we share.

Richard and Mary Wainscott supposedly had 8 children:  Their first child was Abraham, Charlotte’s father. Charlotte would marry Peter James Stice.

Abraham Wainscott, Sr:  born abt 1743 in Bladen County, NC and died in Owen County, Kentucky in 1820.  He has the distinction of filing the first Will in Owen County, Kentucky.

  • Between 1765-1771 Abraham’s brother, Isaac Wainscott, participated in the Regulator Movement in North Carolina.  It was an uprising in the British North American Carolina Colonies in which citizens took up arms against the colonial officials.  Some consider it a catalyst to the Revolutionary War and waged against corrupt officials representing the King of England. Isaac was arrested and almost executed during this uprising. Abraham’s family resided in this County during this time.

To try and sum it up: It is said that the problem arose because the area had been mostly made up of planters who lived in an agricultural economy. Then merchants and lawyers began to move west, causing an upset to the social and political structure. There had been a long drought which caused an economic depression and the farmers could barely produce enough food for their own family let alone enough money to pay the merchants.  The merchants in return hired lawyers. The planters began to lose their homes and property. It was a struggle between lower-class citizens, who made up a majority of the backcountry, and the wealthy elites who made up only a small part of the population but who had control of the government (sounds all too familiar). The Regulators wanted to form an honest government that would of course lower taxes.  The wealthy businessmen/politicians brought in the militia to crush the rebellion and hang their leaders. About 6,500 out of 8,000 supported the Regulators. However, there was a lot of looting and burning, etc. going on by the Regulators….it must’ve been a scary situation.  The wealthy politicians won. Aquilla and John Felps/Phelps (Sons of Aventon Phelps) also signed the Regulators Petition in Rowan County.

The Wainscotts also had a close association with Abraham Creson while in North Carolina. He was known as the “storekeeper of the Yadkin”, a planter, land trader, and leader of the “Regulator War”, of which Isaac Wainscott was known to have participated in, and Abraham Creson was arrested and imprisoned. He owned the crossing at the Yadkin called, “Shallow Ford”, the crossing that many thousands of families used following the Great Wagon Road to North Carolina.  A Moravian Minister wrote of Creson, “he is a good natured man, well-liked by his neighbors.”  It is thought that a widowed Richard Wainscott may have married a “Creson” daughter while in North Carolina. After the death of  Richard Wainscott in Rowan County, North Carolina, it appears his son Abraham continued to follow the Bryans and Boones into Kentucky.

Kentucky, the Wainscott Family, Daniel Boone and American History :  Daniel Boone’s trail from North Carolina to Kentucky opened up in 1769. He stayed in Kentucky a couple of years before heading back to his family. In Sep 1773 Daniel Boone , with his family and abt 50 immigrants began the first attempt to settle in Kentucky. Indians attacked and brutally tortured and killed Daniel’s son James, as well as 5 others. Boone’s group retreated.  In 1775 Daniel with about 30 axemen blazed the “Wilderness Road”…and he founded the first chartered town in Kentucky…. Boonesborough (on the Kentucky River in what is now Madison County, Kentucky), despite attacks from the Shawnee Indians.  He returned to North Carolina for his family and other settlers.  Meanwhile on 19 Apr 1775 shots were fired in Massachusetts that began the Revolutionary War. In 1776 Shawnee Indians attacked Boonesborough and Boone’s daughter, Jemima and two other girls were kidnapped (they were rescued a couple of days later), meanwhile …..the Continental Congress approved the Declaration of Independence and a copy reached Boonesborough.  

After the death of his father in about 1762, Abraham Wainscott, Sr remained in North Carolina until sometime aft Sep 1774 (birth of son Abraham Wainscott, Jr in Rowan County, North Carolina)…and bef Jul 1777 (birth of son, Richard Wainscott in Madison County, Kentucky).  The time table fits that Abraham  probably traveled with the Daniel Boone Group in 1775.  Meanwhile…a Revolutionary War had begun.

Charlotte, my 4th great grandmother, was born in 1789 along the Kentucky River in Madison County, Kentucky, the 7th known child of Abraham Wainscott and Catherine Elizabeth Cottons or Kellum.  Their marriage date and place varies at Ancestry.Com…I will not speculate except to say their first known child, Catherine Athalia Wainscott, was supposedly born in 1772 in Kentucky.  The Wilderness Road had not been blazed until 1775 so I wonder if the date of birth is correct. Also, their 2nd child, David Greenup Wainscott, was supposedly born in 1773 in Surry County, NC.  Perhaps they were going back and forth between these two areas.

Abraham acquired 276 acres of land in Madison County, Kentucky in 1793 when Charlotte, my 4th great grandmother, was abt 4 years old.

Many of our ancestors made this same journey from Maryland/Virginia area onward to Rowan County, North Carolina and then later on to Madison County, Kentucky and finally Missouri. Daniel Boone also left Kentucky for Missouri in abt 1800 and many of his children and grandchildren (some Bryan) went with him.

Meanwhile, back in Kentucky, in 1807 Charlotte’s brother David Wainscott went to Madison County, Kentucky from Gallatin County, where he witnessed the authorization from Charlotte’s father, Abraham Wainscott, for her to marry Peter Stice and then he personally escorted her and the paperwork back to Gallatin County for the marriage.   David Wainscott also signed their Marriage Bond. Charlotte was 17 years old and Peter was 19 and a land owner in Madison County, Kentucky, (I think one had to be at least 21 to own land??).  Soon the newlyweds were living in Madison County near Charlotte’s parents.  Then in 1810 they were back again to Gallatin County with their two small boys.  Below: Ronald Zook originally shared this photo of Peter Stice, Sr on

peter james stice, sr

According to some sources, Peter participated in the War of 1812, enlisting in 1813 and survived several battles.  He would’ve already been married to Charlotte during this time frame.

Moved to Missouri:  By 1814 their son Abraham “Morgan” Stice was born in Missouri.

1820: Bethel, Shelby County, MO.  It is documented that Peter and Charlotte are early Pioneers  See:

The Stice, Wainscott, Roberts, Davis, Turners were founding members of the Red Top Church in Rocky Fork Township in Boone County, Missouri…. as well as some of Charlotte’s brothers.  As soon as the settlers arrived they began meeting in homes and clearings. In 1822 a log cabin church was built.  It was the first church in Boone County, Missouri.  See:

Red Top Christian Church in Boone County, Missouri

Charlotte died in 1826 in Florida, Ralls, Missouri. (Mark Twain Country).

Each generation took the Phelps, Wainscott and Stice families further south and west and finally northwest.  Some settled in Texas, and others in Omaha, Nebraska, some traveled to California, Arizona and Washington.  It is astonishing to see how our early American ancestors arrived in America via the Atlantic Ocean… and after a couple hundred years inched their way across the beautiful praireland to the Pacific Ocean.

It is thought that Richard Wainscott died in Rowan County, NC, abt 1762 at the age of abt 51. Morgan Bryan died on Easter Sunday 1763 at the age of 92 in Rowan County, NC. Abraham Wainscott died in 1820 in Kentucky.  Peter James Stice died in Washington Territory in 1877 at the age of 90. Squire Boone died in 1765 at Rowan County, NC and his son Daniel Boone died in Missouri in 1820 at the age of 85 and was buried there.  Later his body and that of his wife were removed to Kentucky.

Below:  Squire Boone, father of Daniel Boone.


Some of the children of Richard S Wainscott: Different Ancestry trees have more or less.

  1. Abraham who’s daughter Charlotte married Peter Stice
  2. Isaac
  3. Rachel
  4. John
  5. Elizabeth
  6. Joseph

Also of interest: In the 1920’s Richard S Wainscott‘s great grandson, George Lee Wainscott, a soft-drink entrepreneur in Winchester, Clark County, Kentucky, created “Ale 8-1” [ The Kentucky Explorer,  November 1996].  It is a ginger and citrus flavored drink, a soda pop with a “kick”.  See Wiki for more information. It is still in business and can be purchased at Cracker Barrel.  According to Ancestry. com, he is my 4th Cousin 3x removed. Winchester is near Boonesborough. For more information on George Lee Wainscott read:

George Lee Wainscott, great grandson of Richard S Wainscott

Of Special Interest to Phelps/Stice Family:  Aventon Phelps, my 6th Great Grandfatheralso lived in Rowan County, North Carolina as did Charles Stice, (my 5th Great Grandfather and father of Peter Stice) at the same time that Morgan Bryan, Abraham Wainscott, Sr and Squire Boone, lived there.  There was a Phelps’ Ferry on the Yadkin River.  My conclusion is that the Thomas/Aventon Felps/Phelps/Stice clan knew the Richard/Abraham Wainscot Clan long before Charlotte married Peter Stice in Kentucky.

The Name:  Wainscot, Wainscott, Winscot, Winscutt, etc.  It is thought by some that the Immigrant, Richard S Wainscott’s surname was actually “Walley” and that his alias in London was Wainscott and that is the name he kept in America.

The Webb family is also closely connected to the Wainscotts…and it appears they made this same journey to Kentucky. They are also related to the Boones through many marriages.

From Pennsylvania To Virginia And Kentucky

Prepared by:  Emrick A. Webb – May, 1994

“Moving on to Kentucky from Rockingham County Virginia was no easy task in 1797. As described by Robert Kincaid in The Wilderness Road, the trip was over 500 miles along the Wilderness Road, where the last 200 miles snaked through the Cumberland Gap and followed the path that in 1775 Daniel Boone [James Webb’s cousin and childhood playmate] and his axemen had cut through the wild territory to establish Boonesborough, near Winchester, Kentucky. Initially, the route was rocky, steep, winding and crossed many waterways, which made it available only by horseback and pack animals, or by walking. In addition to the physical discomforts, Indians were constantly attacking and raiding travelers, with massacres occurring into the 1790s, at the time when Adin Webb had moved with his first wife, Elizabeth Riggs, from Virginia to Fayette County, Kentucky. However, with Kentuckys statehood in 1792, and many more settlers coming into the territory, improvements were made to the road, and in 1795, the legislature approved two thousand pounds to build a good wagon road to Virginia. Even Daniel Boone, at age 62, penniless and landless and living in his sons cabin near Blue Licks, made a pitch to Governor Shelby to build the road some 21 years after blazing the first path through the wilderness. The Governor chose others to do the job during the summer of 1796, and an announcement of its completion was spread across the front page of the October 15, 1796 edition of the Kentucky Gazette stating:

THE WILDERNESS ROAD from the Cumberland Gap to the settlements of Kentucky is now completed. Waggons loaded with a ton of weight, may pass with ease, with four good horses, — Travellers will find no difficulty in procuring such necessaries as they stand in need of on the road; and the abundant crop now growing in Kentucky, will afford the emigrants a certainty of being supplied with every necessary of life on the most convenient trail

DNA Update:  A descendant of Sarah Cassandra Boone, (a sister of Daniel Boone), married a descendant of Sarah Elizabeth Stice (daughter of Peter Stice).  The Stice Descendant is Alta May Setters (b 1895) who married the Boone Descendant, Joseph Yandell (b 1893).

Further Reading:

See Historical Sketch of Fort Dobbs in Rowan County, North Carolina